Easy guide 7 chakras: discover more about your energy points

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Chakras are energy points consisting of “plexuses”, centres of nerves, vein and arteries that operate in the body to maintain balanced “prana” (Sanskrit for energy flow), so that the vital and secondary organs as well as the body’s defence systems remain in optimum condition.

These energy points start at the base of the spine and end at the crown of the head.

When chakras rotate simultaneously at the right speed, the mind, body, and spirit maintain maximum health. However, when these energy portals become imbalanced (rotated too quickly or too slowly), the mind, body, spirit paradigm get thrown out of kilter, and cause psycho-emotional, physical illness.

First chakra: The Root Chakra

The first of the seven primary chakras is called the Base or Root Chakra, and it’s colour is associated with vibrant red. Its Sanskrit name is Muladhara and loosely translates as the base or foundation. This “energy wheel” forms the basis of our physical expression, and is the seat of the kundalini, or “great spiritual potential” waiting to be reawakened on the physical plane through yogic practices and prayer.  It is associated with: the skeletal structure (teeth and bones), the nose and sense of smell, kidneys, bladder, the reproductive organs, the anus.

The Root chakra is located at the spine base, and is the grounding force that allows us to connect to the earth energies, and the physical world. 

Second chakra: The Sacral

The Sacral (Swadisthana, or “the sweetness”) energy wheel is the second of the seven primary chakras, and its colour association is orange.  It corresponds to the lower abdomen navel area that houses the sacrum (centre of creativity). Also known as the Navel or Spleen chakra, it is centred on the spine in the pubic bone area and governs amongst other things the reproductive organs. It is the seat of all creativity; fertilisation of the ovum (men) gestation and birth of a child (women). This vortex also ignites our creative/artistic expression, and moves us towards conscious enlightenment.
It is associated with: lower back, hips, sexual organs, bladder, kidneys, Bodily fluids.

The Spleen/Navel chakra is concerned with feelings/sexuality/creativity, and the development of emotional intelligence/emotional identity. It allows us to bond with another soul, and encourages self-expression and joy in the form of socialising (singing and dancing, laughter, sexual/artistic expression). Its function is to teach us how to attain and maintain human fulfilment in a balanced way.

Third chakra: The Solar Plexus

The third of the seven primary chakras is the Solar Plexus. It’s centred on the spine just above the navel, spreads up to the breastbone and it also known by its Sanskrit name “Manipura“, or “city of jewels” In the rainbow colour therapy spectrum, it is usually associated with the colour yellow. The third energy wheel is the seat of the personal will, and understanding the emotions in a structured, intellectual way. The Solar Plexus is associated with:  eyes (sense is sight), face , skin (epidermis), spleen, mid spine, upper abdomen, adrenals, small intestine

Fourth chakra: The Heart Chakra

Anahata, Sanskrit for the “unstruck or unbeaten(because the heart beats on an unbroken rhythm, continuously), represents a bridge between the higher and lower chakras. By “higher” and “lower”, I mean the higher chakras deal with the mind and the spirit, while the lower chakras deal with the emotions and the material world.

Its associated colour is green. The heart chakra corresponds to the centre of the chest, and houses our emotional connection/ experiences (centre of feelings/emotions). Also known as “the seat of the soul”, it is centred on the spine on the breastbone, and governs amongst other things the heart and the circulatory system. It is the depth of all sentience (feelings), and on an emotional level is the place where we are guided to learn about emotional growth in this life. The heart differs from the Solar plexus chakra, because we are learning to trust our feelings from an emotional point of view, rather than trying to apply emotion and logic.  It is associated with: heart, circulatory system, blood, lungs, ribcage, thymus, breasts, shoulders and arms, oesophagus , hands 

Fifth chakra: The Throat Chakra

Vishudda, or the throat chakra is the fifth of the seven primary chakras. Its colour association is sky blue, or other variations of light blue. It is the seat of “vocal creativity” (speaking our truth with clarity and confidence), and on an emotional level is the place where we learn about self-knowledge, truth, and using the voice to express our deepest needs as words to others. The throat chakra is associated with: The throat chakra is associated with: brain, ears (sense is hearing), neurological system, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), vocal folds (vocal cords), pituitary gland, pineal gland Parathyroid 

The throat chakra is concerned with communication and creativity, and I recall the adage “A thought, becomes a word, becomes a deed”; meaning that an idea, is verbalised before it becomes a physical reality. Its function is to teach us to listen more intently to our own intuition, safe in the knowledge that we are worthy of receiving abundance from the universe through emitting our desires using sound and the voice.

Sixth chakra: The Third Eye

The Brow or Ajna chakra is the sixth of the seven primary chakras, and its colours are indigo and violet. Ajna, (Sanskrit for command/summoning), represent spiritual vision and the “mind centre”. It’s a gateway to envisioning other realities and dimensions through the mind’s eye. It corresponds to the forehead, and houses our ability to see the clearer or “bigger picture” in any situation, using our intuition, intellect/mental faculties. Also known as “The Third eye“, it is centred on the forehead, and governs amongst other things the neurological and endocrine systems. It is the seat of “seeing in light” (vision beyond the physical reality of seeing, or “the mind’s eye”), and on an emotional level is the place where we learn about insight, and using the mind to look beyond our usual two-dimensional understanding of the world. The ocular faculties to “see” visual images. This vortex also ignites our intuition, psychic abilities, concentration, as well as self-knowledge. We learn that “real life”. It is associated with: brain, neurological system, eyes, ears, nose, pituitary gland, pineal gland 

Seventh chakra: The Crown Chakra

The last of the seven primary chakras is Sahasrara or the “Crown” chakra, and its colours are violet and white, to represent spiritual vision/purity. Sahasrara, (Sanskrit for Lotus of a thousand petals), represents the ” open centre”, and is a gateway to connecting with higher spiritual knowledge, or a union with the cosmos. This is the culmination of all the other energies that flow from the base of the spine upwards; in colour therapy one of its associated colours white, is the sum total of all the other colours in the rainbow spectrum.  This chakra could also be seen as the “Alpha and Omega” (the place where all mind body and spirit energy begins and ends) It is from this point that all energy distribution that governs our physical, and psycho.


It’s important to remember that the location of the seven chakras varies slightly depending on the traditions or school of thoughts. Even though the 7 chakras are associated with specific parts of the body, they are not “physical” entities per se, but belong to the realm of “subtle energy”.  They can be described at the crossroad of the material and the immaterial, the biological and the spiritual, and pertain to the body, mind, and spirit all together.


—– Written By Dirish, one of our amazing Y2M teacher. Dirish has been practicing yoga and meditation for 10 years. He comes from a creative arts background and injects this creativity into his classes. His work has been described as inspiring, rejuvenating, mindful and dynamic. A qualified teacher in Vinyasa Flow, Yin Yoga, Shakti Dance and leads Gong Meditation.